(i) Bees make honey out of flower nectar for use as a food source
(ii) Bees play an important role in the pollination of many flowering plants, thus increasing the yield of certain crops
(iii) Honey is a highly nutritious
(iv) The market potential for honey and wax is high, so it serves as a means of income.
(v) Bee Pollen and Propolis are natural remedies

(i) Join a local beekeeping association
(ii) Choose a Site
(iii) Create a Stand
(iv) Build a Hive
(v) Consider your equipment
(vi) Get Some Bees
(vii) Review your local by-laws and register your hives
(vii) Protect yourself
(viii) Look and learn
(ix) Keep notes

(i) Use a hybrid or cross bred female.
(ii) Satisfy the nutritional requirements of the sow both in pregnancy and lactation.
(iii) Bring a healthy sow into the farrowing house.
(iv) Achieve good birth weights.
(v) Ensure each pig receives maximum colostrum at birth.

(i) Feeding
(ii) Housing
(iii) Flushing
(iv) Vaccination
(v) Breeding


(Pick three)
(i) Separators Dairy Equipment.
(ii) Homogenizer Dairy Equipment.
(iii) Pasteurizers Dairy Equipment.
(iv) Tanks Dairy Equipment

(i) Pour the raw milk into the stainless steel pot.
(ii) Slowly heat the milk to 145 degrees Fahrenheit, stirring occasionally
(iii) Hold the temperature at 145 F for exactly 30 minutes.
(iv) Remove the pot of milk from the heat and place it in a sink or large bowl filled with ice water.
(v) Store pasteurized milk in the refrigerator.

(2ci) Wholesalers:
(i)They purchase product in bulk
(ii)They provide storage facilities
(iii)They provide good transport facilities
(iv)They pass information from retailers to producer and vise versa

(2cii) Retailer:
(i)They make produce readily available to the customers
(ii)They provide jobs for many people
(iii)They pass information from the consumers to the wholesalers
(iv)They give credits to some consumers

(2di) Marketing board:
(Pick three only)
(i)The board provides an organised and ready market for various agricultural commodities
(ii)it helps to stabilise the prices of farm produce
(iii)The board sometimes provides capital to farmers
(iv)it advises and encourage farmers to adopt modern farming techniques
(v)it helps to transport the produce of the farmers

(2dii) co-operative society:
(Pick three only)
(i)They stimulate competition in produce marketing by buying produce in bulk
(ii)They have close contact with producers
(iii)They reduce the inequality of income distribution by selling to members at reduced rate
(iv)They also provide transportation services
(v)They grant loans to members


The life cycle of the louse has three stages: egg, nymph, and adult.
Egg -> Nymph > Adult

(Pick any three)
(i) its bites can cause severe irritation
(ii) heavy louse infestation can lead to restlessness
(iii)) Emaciation or loss of weight
(iv) the sores may create room for pathogens to attack the animal
(v) Scratching for the bites results to sores
(vi) heavy louse infestation can cause death

(i) Use of Chemicals
(ii) isolate infected animals
(iiii) maintain good sanitation

(i) goat
(ii) dog
(iii) sheep

(i) cattle
(ii) Sheep

Protozoa (Eimeria spp)

(i) blood stained diarrhoea
(ii) weakness
(iii) Emaciation
(iv) Anaemia

(i) change of litter after some time
(ii) vaccination should be regular
(iii) maintain good sanitary measures
(iv) apply coccidiastat to their drinking water


Artificial pasture refers to an area of land covered with forage grasses and legumes which are deliberately planted by man.

(i) extend the growing season of a pasture
(ii) increase the organic matter content of the soil over time because of grass root systems
(iii) reduce weed encroachment
(iv) reduce erosion
(v) produce higher yields
(vi) improve the palatability

(i) mixed production
(ii) intensive farming systems “landless”
(iii) extensive production system

-Mixed production:
(I) it includes both agriculture and livestock
(ii)it can be either intensive or extensive.
(iii)it used for exploitation of both irrigated or non-irrigated land and they are common in some parts of America, Europe and Asia.

-Intensive farming:
(i) it is mainly used for livestock.
(ii)it is used to breed pigs, chickens, laying hens, cattle and even fish
(iii)they are common in north America, Europe and Asia and in heavy populated areas in general, where the demand for meat and proteins is very high.

-Extensive farming:
(i)it is used on large non-cultivated land where animals can graze freely
(ii)it is use for cattle, to produce meat and milk, sheep and goats.
(iii)It is more common in Central and South America


(i) Castration reduces male aggression and thereby makes males easier to
(ii) There is a risk of unwanted matings if there are uncastrated males on the farm, other than those required for breeding.
(iii) Due apparently to traditional butchers’ prejudices, castrated male meat is marketed higher than that of uncastrated meats.
(iv) Performance and conversion rates can be itnpr<>ved by castration.
(v) It helps in preventing production of unwanted or undesirable offspring

(i) The cheaper methods of castration; which the farmer can do himself,require a degree of skill. With such methods there is a risk of infection.
(ii) The alternative, of calling in a veterinary surgeon, adds to costs.
(c) Castration involves somne time.

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