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NECO GCE GOVERNMENT OBJ:
NECO GCE GOVERNMENT ANSWERS FROM EXAMHOT.COM
NECO GCE GOVERNMENT THEORY:
[Answer TWO questions from this section]
(i) Free use of the mass media: The use of media helps in affirming attitudes and opinions that are already established. The news media focus the public’s attention on certain personalities and issues, leading many people to form opinions about them.
(ii) Encouraging the use of opinion polls on issues: Opinion polls helps in collecting information about the views or beliefs of a group or public. Information from an opinion poll can shed light on and potentially allow inferences to be drawn about certain attributes of a larger population.
(iii) Responsible and responsive social institution: This is an important factor contributing to the promotion of public opinion in a state. State with more effective and transparent institutions, both government and non-government, perform better in a range of dimensions of human development and social cohesion.
(iv) Existence of political parties: The exisitence of different political parties will help to mould the opinion of the people.
Zero party system may be defined as a type of governmental political arrangement in which political parties are permitted to operate for the purpose of forming a government on political party basis.
(i) Politically stable government: In a one party, there is no change of government and one individual can lead the government for a long time before the button is transferred to another person.
(ii) Ensures continuous economic development: In a one party state, since the government stays in power for a very long time, it is able to draw economic programmes for the state and functions them without any interference.
(iii) Allows for speedy decision: One party system allows for quick decision making. This is because there is no other body to consult and reach compromises with. As soon as the party takes the decision, that is the final and has to be implemented.
(iv) It is not divisive: In a one party system, divisive tendencies are eliminated or brought to the barest minimum. This is most helpful in Africa where most time parties are formed on ethnic, tribal and religious lines.
(v) Ensures national integration: Another advantage of a one party system is that the entire nation is able to rally round the only party regardless of their ethnic, religious and cultural differences.
[Answer THREE questions from this section]
(i)Rigging of the western election of 1965:The crisis that erupted from the alleged rigging acted as the last straw that broke the back of the first republic.The result of election was rigged and it was part of crisis
(ii)The abolition of federation in place of unitary system of government by General J.T Agwiyi ironsi was another catalyst that sparked off civil war
(iii)Over ambition of some army officers to catapult themselves to power many of the army officers wanted to test power by all means
(iv)The infusion of ethnicity into the Nigerian army by the politicians of the first republic played a role in causing the civil war
(v)The divergent interpretation given to the meeting Ojukwu and Gowon held at Alari,Ghana was another immediate cause of the civil war
(i)Policy of association: It was advocated and adopted in place of the moribund policy of assimilation. It was advocated for the recognition and preservation of the traditions,political institutions,religions,customs and culture of the people in the colonies
(ii)Crown colony: It is also known as royal colony.It was ruled by a governor appointed by the monarch.By the middle of the 19th century,the sovereign appointed royal governors on the advice of the secretary of state for the colonies
(iii)Protectorate: A protectorate in its inception adopted by mordern international law is independent territory that has been granted local autonomous and some independence while still retaining the soveignrity of greater soverign state
(iv)Indirect rule: Indirect rule may be defined as a british system ruling her colonies with the use of local chips or other appointed intermediaries and customs with british official merely supervising the administration.
-Keeping the country together
-Maintenance of peace
-Creation of state
-Introduction of NYSC
-Lauching of OFN
-Local government reform
(i) Keeping the country together:The first achievement of military rule in Nigeria was keeping the country together as one geographical entity.The thirty month franctical war fought by soldiers in Nigeria was aimed at keeping the country together
(ii) Maintenance of peace:After the end of civil war the military regim in Nigeria keep the peace in Nigeria and prevent outbreak of new civil war
(iii) Creation of state:Nigeria was divided into 12 states in may 27, 1967 and 19 states on february 3 1976 by Gowon and Muritala administration respectively this contributed immensely to development in Nigeria
(iv) Introduction of NYSC:The military head of state established NYSC in 1973 to fester unity among the ethnic in Nigeria after the civil war
(v) Launching of OFN:The military in 1976,launched the operation feed the nation which turned yellow in the second republic
(vi) Local government reform:Military leader in 1976 reform the local government to the third tier of government
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